Archive for the 'Marine Corps' Category

Sep 4

Grunt Padre: The story of Lieutenant Vincent R. Capodanno, USNR

Saturday, September 4, 2010 12:01 AM

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Navy Chaplains have a long and distinguished history of administering to the spiritual needs of Marines. One such man was Father Vincent R. Capodanno. After his ordination in June 1957, Father Capodanno served from 1958-1965 as a Maryknoll Missionary for the Catholic Foreign Mission Society in the Far East. As the conflict in Vietnam escalated in early 1965, Father Capodanno felt the call to enter Naval Service. He subsequently accepted an appointment on 28 December 1965 as a Lieutenant, Chaplain Corps, U.S. Naval Reserve, and received indoctrination at the Naval Chaplains School in Newport Rhode Island. In April 1966, Lieutenant… Read the rest of this entry »

 
Aug 23

The Marianas: Saipan, Guam, and Tinian

Monday, August 23, 2010 12:10 PM

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In June 1944, Allied forces launched an offensive to capture the Marianas Islands from the Japanese. Invasion forces stormed the islands of Saipan, Guam and Tinian in succession, supported by ships and aircraft of the United States Navy. Offshore, the Battle of the Philippine Sea proved a decisive victory for the Allies. This United States Marine Corps “Official Operations Report,” produced during the war, provides a detailed examination of each phase of the campaign. Using maps and animations, the three films outline landing assignments, naval gunfire support, and air support for each phase of the campaign.  The story of the… Read the rest of this entry »

 
Jul 27

TINIAN, JULY-AUGUST 1944

Tuesday, July 27, 2010 11:27 AM

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From The Marine Corps History Division… The 24 July – 1 August 1944 campaign for the assault and capture of the Mariana Islands played a vital role in the final defeat of Japan. Planners deemed the islands of Guam, Saipan, and Tinian of critical importance because the Army Air Corps needed bases from which its long-range bombers could make non-stop strikes on Japan. Additionally, the Navy wanted the islands developed as advance bases, and hoped that a Marianas operation would draw out the Japanese Combined Fleet so that it could be engaged in a decisive battle. After the capture of… Read the rest of this entry »

 
Jul 15

The Marianas Operation Phase 1: Saipan

Thursday, July 15, 2010 10:26 AM

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This multi-part World War II documentary, produced by the United States Marine Corps, provides a detailed examination of the campaign to take the Marianas from the Japanese.  

 
May 19

Stories of the Past

Wednesday, May 19, 2010 7:59 AM

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 Last week the Naval History and Heritage Command was host to the 2010 National Historical Conference and Naval History Workshop. This conference brought together those working to preserve and share naval history, allowing talk about how historians, museums, and libraries and archives are getting the job done and to learn from each other. One of the sessions focused on libraries and archives, highlighting the amazing naval history collections that are available.  Staff members from the Library of the Marine Corps, Archives and Special Collections; the library at the National Naval Aviation Museum; and the Operational Archives of NHHC shared with… Read the rest of this entry »

 
May 15

Guest Post by LCDR Glenn Smith (USN-Ret.): Cover from a China Marine

Saturday, May 15, 2010 6:11 AM

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This cover was mailed from Quartermaster Clerk L. F. Shoemaker, a Marine with the Marine Detachment, Tientsin, China (now known as Tianjin). The letter was posted in early 1941 apparently to his wife at home in rural Texas. The cachet appears to be hand drawn, and shows a street vendor with his monkey. Many old China hands would be familiar with this kind of sight on any street in the China of that era. At a time when Shanghai was only a small, unremarkable town among the paddies along the Huangpu River, Tientsin was already a vibrant ancient walled Chinese… Read the rest of this entry »

 
Apr 29

Operation Frequent Wind: April 29-30, 1975

Thursday, April 29, 2010 5:01 AM

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For 125,000 Vietnamese-Americans and their descendants, April 30, 1975 marks the day their lives changed forever. On that date, Saigon fell to the forces of North Vietnam and thousands of “at risk” Vietnamese joined the dwindling number of Americans still left in Vietnam to be evacuated by Operation Frequent Wind a massive assembly of aircraft and ships that became the largest helicopter evacuation in history. With the fall of Saigon imminent, the United States Navy formed Task Force 76 off the coast of South Vietnam in anticipation of removing those “at risk” Vietnamese who had ardently supported our efforts to stop the Communist takeover of South Vietnam.  Task Force 76 Task Force 76 USS Blue Ridge… Read the rest of this entry »

 
Apr 7

The First Truly Amphibious Assault in History

Wednesday, April 7, 2010 10:20 PM

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The past month the HBO series The Pacific has drawn long overdue attention to the War in the Pacific as it followed the United States Marine Corps in a series of amphibious assaults that were designed to cut off the tentacles of the Japanese war machine and provide for unsinkable aircraft carriers from which to launch bombers against the Japanese mainland. This caused me to reflect on how far back the strategy and tactics of amphibious warfare went in history. I settled on one crucial battle that reflected what at the time was a combined sea and land attack that when studied… Read the rest of this entry »

 
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