Nov 22

Old but Still Going Strong: The Oldest Navy Assets Still in Use

Wednesday, November 22, 2017 4:53 PM

By

The U.S. Navy has always been an innovator. It pioneered the Global Positioning System, developed nuclear propulsion, and deployed the first operational laser weapon. The recently commissioned USS Zumwalt (DDG-1000) is brimming with bleeding-edge technology. Its stealth design, Integrated Power System, and long-range gun firing capabilities make it the most sophisticated ship in the world. Likewise, the lead ship in the new carrier class USS Gerald R Ford (CVN-78) features many technological advances including an electromagnetic aircraft launch system. However, the Department of the Navy is not always in a rush to phase out and replace assets that continue to effectively perform their missions. The following is a list of some of the oldest Navy and Marine assets still in service.

Oldest Ship

Launched in 1797, the USS Constitution is not only the oldest commissioned ship in the U.S. Navy, it is the oldest commissioned ship afloat in the world. Used today primarily for ceremonial and educational purposes, only 10–15 percent of the frigate actually dates to the original construction due to centuries of repairs and restorations. The Constitution is also the only ship in the current U.S. fleet to have sunk an enemy vessel, having defeated and burnt HMS Java in 1813. All other American ships that scored victories at sea have since been decommissioned, the last being the USS Simpson (FFG-56), which sank the Iranian missile patrol boat Josnan during Operation Praying Mantis in 1988 and was decommissioned in 2015.

USS Constitution underway in 2012

USS Constitution underway in 2012

The second oldest ship is often overlooked. FS-344 was a 1945 Army Freight and Supply vessel used as a training ship and operated by the U.S. Coast Guard. It was transferred to the Navy in 1966, converted into an intelligence gathering ship, and renamed the USS Pueblo (AGER-2). Two years later, the Pueblo and her crew were seized by North Korean forces who claimed the ship had entered its territorial waters, a claim vehemently denied by Navy officials. The Pueblo is currently on public display in Pyongyang as a trophy but is still an officially commissioned U.S. ship. She is one of the few ships the United States has lost since the end of WWII but there is still hope that is may be returned one day. There have been proposals to repatriate the ship including one that involved swapping her for a battle flag captured by U.S. Marines during the obscure Korean-American conflict in 1871. The U.S. government has remained steadfast in its position that the ship is illegally seized U.S. property and that there will be no negotiations that would lead to legitimizing North Korea’s actions.

The crew of the Pueblo showing their North Korean captors “the Hawaiian symbol for good luck”

The crew of the Pueblo showing their North Korean captors “the Hawaiian symbol for good luck”

Oldest Deployable Ship

The USS Blue Ridge (LCC-19) was commissioned in 1970 and operates out of Yokosuka, Japan, as the command ship for the U.S. Seventh Fleet. As the oldest deployable U.S. ship she has the honor of flying the First Navy Jack depicting a snake with the motto “Don’t Tread on Me.” The jack had initially been resurrected in 1976 and flown by the fleet for one year to commemorate the U.S. Bicentennial. In 1980, Secretary of the Navy Edward Hidalgo decreed that the flag would be reserved for the longest serving active ship. (Another one of Hildago’s lasting Navy policies allows sailors to have beer if they are at sea for 45 continuous days.) In 2002, the Navy directed all ships to fly the First Navy Jack during the Global War on Terrorism. The Blue Ridge probably will retain the title of oldest active ship for a few more decades because budget concerns have forced the Navy to plan on stretching the use of her until 2039 and perhaps beyond.

USS Blue Ridge passes Mount Fuji in 2008

USS Blue Ridge (LCC-19) passes Mount Fuji in 2008

 

Oldest Submarine

Medal of Honor recipient Richard O’Kane is the most successful American submarine commander, having sunk 33 enemy ships totaling 116,454 tons as CO of the USS Tang (SS-306) during World War II. Like many submariners, O’Kane enjoyed playing card games to pass the time when deployed. While serving as executive officer of the USS Wahoo (SS-238) he was dealt a hand with the highest possible score during a game on cribbage with his commanding officer, Dudley “Mush” Morton. This rare hand was seen as a good omen which proved to be true when the sub sank two Japanese ships the next day. After the war, a commemorative cribbage board was presented to O’Kane at the commissioning of the second USS Tang (SS-563) in 1951. When the Tang was decommissioned a new tradition was established requiring that the cribbage board be transferred to the wardroom of the oldest boat in the fleet. O’Kane’s board is currently on board the USS Bremerton (SSN-698), which was commissioned in 1981.

USS Bremerton (SSN-698)

USS Bremerton (SSN-698) off the coast of Hawaii

Oldest Fixed-Wing Aircraft

The U.S. Naval Test Pilot School in Patuxent River, Maryland, has a couple of U-6A Beavers (1948) and an NU-1B Otter (1953) that are regularly used to train pilots in low-speed aircraft handling. The Canadian antiques are the oldest active aircraft operated by the Navy. The oldest deploying fixed-wing aircraft belong to the C-130 family, the world’s longest running military aircraft production line. The aptly named Hercules began carrying large amounts of troops and cargo in 1956. The rugged plane not only is valued for its hinged ramp at the rear that allows for quick loading and unloading, it is surprisingly nimble and can operate on small runways. The C-130 is the largest aircraft ever to land and take off from a carrier – which it did without arresting gear or a catapult. In addition to flying the enhanced KC-130 variant to perform aerial refueling missions, the Marines operate the logistics and transport C-130 “Fat Albert” in support of the U.S. Navy Blue Angels flight demonstration team.

U-6A Beaver

U-6A Beavers at the Naval Test Pilot School in Patuxent River, Maryland

KC-130F landing on USS Forrestal (CVA-59) in 1963

KC-130F landing on USS Forrestal (CVA-59) in 1963

Oldest Rotary-Wing Aircraft

Introduced in 1961, the SH-3 Sea King served as a versatile workhorse for Naval aviation until being retired in 2006. A decade later, Marine Helicopter Squadron One (HMX-1) continues to fly the VH-3D variant that debuted in 1974. Incredibly, the primary mission of the oldest helicopter is to transport the President of the United States. With its distinct green and white paint scheme, the helicopter carrying POTUS is given the call sign “Marine One” while the Vice President catches a lift in “Marine Two.” To put the age of the Sea King in perspective, the year it was first deployed was the same year that the Oldsmobile F-85 DeLuxe Station Wagon rolled off the assembly line. Even though the President is being flown in an aircraft based on a 56-year-old design, it is difficult to imagine him being driven in a 56-year-old car. The VH-92 will soon finally replace the venerable Sea King.

Presidential transport

If the Presidential Limo was as old as the Presidential Helicopter, it could be a 1961 Oldsmobile F-85 DeLuxe Station Wagon

Oldest Squadron

The VFA-14 Tophatters’ origins date to 1919 with the creation of the Pacific Fleet Air Detachment, which consisted of seaplanes, ship-launched fighters, and kite balloons. The squadron’s designation, aircraft, and missions have changed many times over the years, but it has always retained the “High Hat” insignia chosen to convey that its pilots are the elite of the aviation community. The Tophatters and their distinct emblem appear in the classic 1931 Clark Gable film Hell Divers, which was censored upon its original release to prevent exposure of the tailhook and arresting gear system during carrier scenes. VFA-14 currently flies F/A-18Es Super Hornets and sports the motto “The Oldest and the Boldest.”

Tophatters in Hell Divers

A Tophatter landing on USS Saratoga (CV-3) for the 1931 film Hell Divers

Oldest Small Arms

During the Philippine Insurrection of 1899–1913, U.S. forces noted that their standard .38 caliber revolvers often were ineffective against frenzied Moro guerillas who charged without fear and were rumored to be fueled by narcotics. U.S. officers repeatedly reported that Moro fighters were still able to advance and engage in hand-to-hand combat even after being shot by several .38 bullets. A pistol with greater man-stopping power was needed. John Browning developed a .45 caliber semi-automatic pistol that was adopted by the U.S. Navy in 1911 and the Marine Corps in 1913. The sleek pistol proved to be so reliable and effective that a variant is being used by Marine Expeditionary Units more than a century later.

M1911 morph

Marines training with the M1911 pistol in 1917, and the modern variant in 2013

Oldest Rifle

The 1938 semiautomatic M1 Garand served U.S. forces as the standard rifle during World War II and the Korean War. The reliability and effectiveness of the weapon has been credited with providing additional confidence to anyone who fought with it. Lieutenant General George S. Patton believed that “the M1 Rifle is the greatest battle implement ever devised.” As much praise as the M1 received, there was room for improvement. The selective fire automatic M14 with a larger clip began to replace the M1 in 1959 and was the Marines’ standard rifle by 1965; it in turn was replaced by the M16 years later. Although the M1 still is used only by the U.S Marine Corps Silent Drill Team, the M14 continues to have a limited but varied role. The Navy uses the M14 as part of ship security as well as to fire shot line in preparation for refueling and replenishment operations. The M14 is also the rifle commonly carried by honor guards. The MK 14 Enhanced Battle Rifle is a variant fielded by the SEALs.

DESERT SHIELD

Undated photo of sailors training with the M14

Oldest Machine Gun

The Browning .50 Caliber Machine Gun was developed at the end of World War I to give U.S. forces a large-round, long-range, high-velocity punch. The initial 1921 version was improved in 1933 and designated the M2, affectionately known by military personnel as “Ma Deuce.” Devastating against both man and machine, the M2 has been prized for its adaptability and accuracy while being deployed in all major U.S. military actions from World War II through the current Global War on Terror. It has been used for infantry support, mounted on armored vehicles, ships, and aircraft, and even modified to serve as a sniper rifle. So durable is the M2 that modified versions from the original 1921 production run have been found in working order in the arsenal. The M2 remains a favorite weapon among Marines and is a common sight on Navy ships.

Oldest M2 morph

The M2 has had a steady presence on the battlefield

Oldest Land Vehicle

Because horses have not changed in millions of years, one could argue that the U.S. Marine Corps Mounted Color Guard maintains the oldest land vehicles. Of course, there are those who would dispute classifying a horse as a vehicle. As far as machines, the Marines still use modified Caterpillar D9 bulldozers that were introduced in 1955. The oldest land vehicle built exclusively for military use is the big, powerful M88 Recovery Vehicle. Entering service in 1961, the heavily armored M88 was designed to repair or pull damaged fighting vehicles while under fire. Fittingly, the main armament of the oldest vehicle is the classic M2 .50 Caliber Machine Gun.

USMC M88A2 Recovery Vehicle

USMC M88A2 Recovery Vehicle

Oldest Shore Establishment

A year after the Department of the Navy was created by an Act of Congress in 1798, the Washington Navy Yard was established along what is now known as the Anacostia River. The impressive front gate that can be seen today was designed by the neoclassical architect Benjamin Latrobe, who also oversaw the construction of the U.S. Capitol Building. The Yard barely survived its early years when it was intentionally burned by Commodore Thomas Tingey to prevent it from being captured by advancing British forces during the War of 1812. At its peak, the Yard was the largest naval ordnance facility in the world. Other early naval yards in Philadelphia, Boston, and Brooklyn have long since closed, but the Washington Navy Yard remains and is now primarily used as an administrative center and the residence of the Chief of Naval Operations. A short march away are the historic Marines Barracks (1801) as well as the Home of the Commandants (1806), which is one of the oldest continuously occupied public buildings in the District of Columbia.

Latrobe Gate, Washington Navy Yard

Latrobe Gate, Washington Navy Yard

Oldest Overseas Establishment

During the Spanish-American War in 1898, U.S. Marines landed at Guantanamo Bay in Cuba and overran enemy forces. Unlike other captured Spanish possessions such as the Philippines and Puerto Rico, Cuba was granted its independence by the United States – but not before the U.S. government secured a more than favorable deal to lease “Gitmo” in perpetuity as a strategic American coaling and naval station. To this day, the United States still pays the annual lease with a check for $4,085 that the Cuban government under the Castro regime has refused to cash. Starting in 2002, a portion of the base has served as a detention camp for terrorism suspects.

US Marines raising the American Flag over Guantana

Marines raising the U.S. flag at Guantanamo in 1898

Oldest Ratings

Since the establishment of the U.S. Navy in 1775, duties at sea have evolved with advances in technology. Many ratings have become obsolete while new occupations have been established. Powder Monkeys, Coal Heavers, Airship Riggers, and Pigeon Trainers have given way to Missile Technicians, Special Warfare Operators, Mass Communication Specialists and Air Traffic Controllers. A few ratings have stood the test to time. Boatswain’s Mates, Gunner’s Mates, and Quartermasters were at the first muster two and half centuries ago and can still be found as members of ships’ crews today.

Gunners Mate circa 1865 and 2009

Gunner’s Mate circa 1865 and 2009

Longest Serving Personnel

Many Navy communities like to recognize their longest serving members with a special designation.

150622-N-NB178-003

The Old Salt Award

Longest Serving Active Duty Surface Warfare Officer “Old Salt” ADM Kurt Tidd

Olt tar Award (Stars and Stripes)

The Old Tar Award “The Chief” (Credit Stars and Stripes)

Longest Serving Enlisted Surface Warfare Specialist – “Old Tar” Senior Chief Gunner’s Mate (SW/EXW) Robert Hyatt

Gray Eagle - Swift, CNO Richardson, Gortney

ADM Scott Swift receives the Gray Eagle Award from Chief of Naval Operations ADM John Richardson and the previous holder ADM Bill Gortney

Longest Serving Aviator – “Gray Eagle” ADM Scott Swift

ADM Harris with the Gray Owl Award

ADM Harry Harris with the Gary Owl Award

Longest Serving Naval Flight Officer – “Gray Owl” ADM Harry Harris

Ancient Albatross

VADM Charles Ray in traditional flight gear as the Ancient Albatross

Longest Serving U.S. Coast Guard Aviator – “Ancient Albatross” VADM Charles W. Ray.

Bull Frog award

The Bull Frog Award

Longest Serving SEAL – “Bull Frog” CDR Steven Elias

Only the Master Blaster can wear the Gold Master Explosive Ordnance Disposal Badge

Only the Master Blaster can wear a Gold Master Explosive Ordnance Disposal Badge

Longest Serving Enlisted Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technician – “Master Blaster” Command Master Chief Robert McCue