Mar 31

Steps on the Path to Gender Equality

Tuesday, March 31, 2020 12:01 AM

By

As we near the end of Women’s History month, please enjoy a short timeline of American women’s continued journey to equality.

1781 Deborah Sampson, disguises herself as a man, enlists in the Continental Army as “Robert Shurtleff,” and becomes one of the first American women who is documented to have served in combat.

1840 Catherine Brewer becomes the first woman to earn a bachelor’s degree, graduating from Wesleyan College in Macon, Georgia.

1848 Seneca Falls Convention, first women’s right convention held in the U.S. Elizabeth Cady Stanton presented the Declaration of Sentiments and Resolutions

Mary Edwards Walker with her Medal of Honor
(National Institutes of Health)

1865 Mary Edwards Walker, a contract surgeon with the Union Army who was held as a POW, receives the Medal of Honor for her service and sacrifice.

1890 Wyoming becomes the first state to grant women the right to vote

1901 The United States establishes the Army Nurse Corps as a permanent part of the Army. Seven years later, the Navy Nurse Corps is established.

Women assigned to the Bethlehem Shipbuilding company’s Fore River Plant, 1918
(NHHC)

1917-1918 During World War I women join the military as support staff

1917 Republican Jeannette Rankin of Montana, where women had unrestricted voting rights, becomes the first woman elected to Congress, where she will serve in the House of Representatives.

1920 The Nineteenth Amendment is ratified, guaranteeing women the right to vote.  

1931 Social reformer Jane Addams becomes the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.

Frances Perkins meets with Carnegie Steel Workers, 1933
(FDR Presidential Library)

1933 Frances Perkins is appointed Secretary of Labor by President Franklin Roosevelt, becoming the first women to join the Cabinet.

1932 Arkansas Democrat Hattie Caraway becomes the first woman elected to the U.S. Senate.

1948 Congress passes the Women’s Armed Services Integration Act, granting women permanent status in the military.

1967 President Lyndon Johnson signs Public Law 90-130, lifting grade restrictions and strength limitations on women in the U.S. military.

1972 Title IX is passed, a Federal law that prohibits discrimination on basis of sex in any Federally funded education program or activity

Women Plebes of the Class of 1980 student in the library
(U.S. Naval Institute Photo Archive)

1976 The first women are admitted to the U.S. service academies.

1981 Sandra Day O’Connor becomes the first female U.S. Supreme Court justice.

1983 NASA astronaut Sally Ride is the first American woman in space.

Madeleine Albright 64th Secretary of State
(U.S. State Department0

1997 Madeleine Albright appointed first woman Secretary of State by President Bill Clinton.

1999 Carly Fiorina becomes the first woman to lead a fortune 50 company, Hewlett-Packard.

2000 Captain Kathleen McGrath becomes the first woman to command a U.S. Navy warship

2007 Nancy Pelosi becomes the first woman Speaker of the House

2009 The Defense Department reports that ten percent of the U.S. soldiers serving in Iraq and Afghanistan are women.

2013 Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta ends the U.S. military ban on women serving in combat.

Sgt. Julie Nicholson, Female Engagement Team leader, Marine Headquarters Group, I Marine Expeditionary Force
(U.S. Marine Corps)

2016 All combat jobs are opened to women.

2016 Hillary Clinton becomes the first woman nominee for President from a major political party. credit-n.ru
http://credit-n.ru/zaymyi-next.html